Just one of the complications of sleep apnea is its relationship with diabetes. 50% of people who have sleep apnea have diabetes, and for those people who are obese this increases to 86%. Diabetes is an ailment where your system struggles to control its blood sugars effectively, so you end up with a situation where there are spikes and drops in your blood sugars. The drops leave you feeling tired, and in extremes could potentially cause you to fall into a coma. The spikes may also cause coma, in addition to damage from the high sugar levels.
Usually when sugars enter the blood after getting absorbed through your intestines, it causes the production of a hormone called insulin from your pancreas. Insulin has the effect of causing the body's tissues absorbing sugar. This course lowers the blood sugars.
In diabetes there is a problem with insulin and its ability to induce regulation of blood sugars. There are several forms of diabetes and we will not get into the entire group here. The top pair are Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and, you guessed it, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. In Type 1 diabetes the pancreas is not making the right amount of insulin. This results in big movements in the blood sugars. These people normally have to inject insulin to restore what our pancreas is not putting out. This kind of type of diabetes typically starts early in life.
In Type 2 diabetes your system can be creating enough insulin, even so the tissues are not reacting to it effectively. Which means when the pancreases releases the insulin to get the body areas to take up the sugars, the body cells are not listening therefore the sugar stays in the bloodstream, leading to big variations. This is called insulin resistance.
This sort of diabetes is one among the common types and typically occurs later in your life. It is usually diet controlled though a number of people will need medicines for it. It is linked to heightened chance of loss of sight, coronary disease, stroke, ulcers in the legs and falls. Diabetes almost always shortens your life.
There exists a strong connection between sleep apnea and diabetes. That is individuals who have one often times have the other. But research has additionally found that sleep apnea by itself can put the body right into a pre-diabetic condition and result in the insulin resistance of type 2 diabetes. In addition the greater serious the sleep apnea, the worse the sugar control is. The great news is that treating sleep apnea a decrements the insulin resistance.