Sinusitis is an infection (swelling) of the mucus membrane which lines the paranasal sinuses. The infection can be caused by a viral, bacterial, or fungal infection. Sinusitis is categorized as acute, subacute or chronic. In this article we focus on the symptoms and how long you may expect to have them.
Acute sinusitis is often bought on by a common cold, or it can be the result of an infection. With this inflammation you can expect to have facial pain and pressure, nasal stuffiness or nasal mucus discharge, a temporary loss of smell and coughing and congestion. Other symptoms may include fever, halitosis (bad breath), fatigue, and even dental pain. In general, if a patient sufferers from at least two of these symptoms, they are diagnosed with acute sinusitis.
If the cause of the acute sinusitis is viral, the symptoms tend to last 7-10 days. Bacterial infections are often more persistent, lengthening the duration of the illness to 4 weeks. Fungal infections are most often seen in diabetics or other patients who suffer from other immune deficiencies. Acute sinusitis can be life threatening to such individuals, and professional treatments should be thought.
In general, subacute sinusitis is a lingering of acute sinusitis. Often a viral infection will lead to a secondary bacterial infection. This causes the illness to extend to 4 – 8 weeks. Treatment often requires antibiotics.
For those who suffer from chronic sinusitis, the causes can either be from infection as in acute sinusitis, or it can be the result of nasal polyps (growths in the sinuses) or a deviated septum. Because of the chronic or repeat nature of this type of sinusitis, the problem may not be completely an infection, but part of an inflammatory disease. The symptoms are the same, but may also include facial puffiness, nasal obstruction or blockage, pus in the naval cavity, discolored postnasal drainage, and severe headaches.
Duration generally lasts a minimum of 8 weeks, but quite often stretches to 12 weeks or more. If the chronic sinusitis is found to be a part of an inflammatory disease, the recovery time will vary, as will the treatments. If you are experiencing symptoms lasting longer than 8 weeks, you should see a specialist to determine specifically what is the undering cause of your sinusitis. The specialist can then prescribe the proper course of treatment to return you to good health.
For information about sinusitis treatments , consult a professional.