Sleep apnea is a disorder characterized by a reduction or pause in breathing during sleep. It is common among adults but rare in children. Although the diagnosis of it is often suspect based on a person's medical history, there are several tests that can be used to confirm the diagnosis. The treatment can be surgical or surgical. An apnea is a period during which breathing stops or is greatly reduced. In simple terms, an apnea occurs when a person has stopped breathing for 10 seconds or more. When you stop breathing completely, or take less than 25% of normal breathing during a period of 10 seconds or more, it is an apnea. This definition includes the total loss of air flow. Other definitions of apnea, which can be used as a minimum, a reduction of 4% oxygen in the blood, a direct consequence of the reduction of transmission of oxygen in the blood when breathing stops. Apnea usually occurs during sleep. Sometimes the person wakes up completely, but can sometimes mean that the person has a level of deep sleep and sleep a wonderful level. There are 3 types:
- 1. Central Sleep Apnea (CSA)
- 2. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)
- 3. Mixed Sleep Apnea (both central and obstructive)
Central sleep apnea (CSA) occurs when breathing, the brain does not pull the signal to the breathing muscles. This usually occurs in children or adults with heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, or congenital, but can also be caused by certain medications and high altitudes. In premature babies or babies can be born at full term (born before 37 weeks gestation) may occur. It's like snorkeling, as defined in 20 seconds, usually with a change in heart rate, reducing the oxygen content in the blood, or hypotension (general relaxation of the muscles of the body). These children often need an apnea monitor, an alarm sounds when there is sleep apnea. Central sleep apnea in children is not the same as sudden death syndrome (SIDS). CSA usually occurs in adults with other medical problems. In infants, usually occurs in premature birth or other congenital disorders. In both groups of patients, is supported by the family doctor. Central sleep apnea can sleep with a studio or control in the hospital overnight while the patient can be diagnosed. An adult who has this type of sleep problem, the apnea is treated based on the condition of the adults either he or she has a heart disease, high altitude or medication interaction.